Solar Eclipses and Saros Cycles

Solar Eclipses and Saros Cycles

Thousands of years ago, the ancient Babylonians discovered that solar eclipses all belonged to individual groups called Saros Cycles (also called Saros Series). There are between 71 to 73 eclipses in each Saros Series and they run for approximately 1280 years.

At any one point in time, there will be about 42 different Saros Cycles currently active.  Half of those will have begun at the South Pole and the other half from the North Pole. They will be in different stages of their cycles.

Eclipses that come from a Saros Series that started at the North Pole are called North Saros Series and those that start from the South Pole are called South Saros Series. In any one year, there will be at least one eclipse from a North Saros Series and one from a South Saros Series.

Tim LaDuca; Attribution: Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC, <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Saros_136_animation.gif">Saros 136 animation</a>, marked as public domain, more details on <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Template:PD-US">Wikimedia Commons</a>
Saros 136 also known as Saros 11 South, runs from June 1360 to July 2622. Animation courtesy of NASA.

To distinguish which series an eclipse belongs to, they are numbered from 1 to 19 and have the suffix of North or South. Eclipses that share a number will happen within six months of each other, but not necessarily within a calendar year.

Eclipses in individual Saros Series tend to have a particular theme to them. As the eclipses in each Saros Series are spaced 18 years (and 9 to 11 days) apart, there is sometimes a continuation or evolution of a theme happening between eclipses.

Below are some recent and upcoming eclipses dates (1990 to 2039), along with the zodiac degree they occur in and the Saros Series name and number. I have also included the Saros number that NASA classifies the eclipses under and following the link will take you to their website which gives all eclipse dates; past, present, and future for that particular Saros Cycle series.

Jan 26, 19906 Aqu 34 – 10 North – Saros 121
Jul 22, 1990 — 29 Can 03 – 10 South – Saros 126

Jan 15, 199125 Cap 20 – 11 North – Saros 131
Jul 11, 1991 — 18 Can 58 – 11 South – Saros 136

Jan 4, 199213 Cap 51 – 12 North – Saros 141
Jun 30, 19928 Can 56 – 12 South – Saros 146
Dec 23, 1992 — 2 Cap 27 – 13 North – Saros 151

May 21, 1993 0 Gem 31 – 13 South – Saros 118
Nov 13, 199321 Sco 31 – 14 North – Saros 123

May 10, 199419 Tau 48 – 14 South – Saros 128
Nov 3, 199410 Sco 54 – 15 North – Saros 133

Apr 29, 19958 Tau 56 – 15 South – Saros 138
Oct 24, 19950 Sco 17 – 16 North – Saros 143

Apr 17, 199628 Ari 11 – 16 South – Saros 148
Oct 12, 199619 Lib 31 – 17 New North – Saros 153

Mar 9, 199718 Pis 30 – 17 South – Saros 120
Sep 1, 1997 — 9 Vir 33 – 18 North – Saros 125

Feb 26, 19987 Pis 54 – 18 South – Saros 130
Aug 22, 199828 Leo 47 – 19 North – Saros 135

Feb 16, 199927 Aqu 08 – 19 South – Saros 140
Aug 11, 199918 Leo 21 – 1 North – Saros 145

Feb 5, 200016 Aqu 02 – 1 South – Saros 150
Jul 1, 200010 Can 14  – 2 Old North – Saros 117
Jul 31, 20008 Leo 11 – 2 New North – Saros 155
Dec 25, 20004 Cap 14 – 2 South – Saros 122

Jun 21, 2001 0 Can 11 – 3 North – Saros 127
Dec 14, 200122 Sag 56 – 3 South – Saros 132

Jun 10, 200219 Gem 54 – 4 North – Saros 137
Dec 4, 200211 Sag 58 – 4 South – Saros 142

May 31, 20039 Gem 20 – 5 North – Saros 147
Nov 23, 20031 Sag 14 – 5 South – Saros 152

Apr 19, 200429 Ari 49 – 6 North – Saros 119
Oct 14, 200421 Lib 06 – 6 South – Saros 124

Apr 8, 200519 Ari 06 – 7 North – Saros 129
Oct 3, 200510 Lib 18 – 7 South – Saros 134

Mar 29, 20068 Ari 35 – 8 North – Saros 139
Sep 22, 200629 Vir 20 – 8 South – Saros 144

Mar 19, 2007 —  28 Pis 07 – 9 New North – Saros 149
Sep 11, 2007 —  18 Vir 24 – 9 New South – Saros 154

Feb 7, 200817 Aqu 44 – 10 North – Saros 121
Aug 1, 2008 —  9 Leo 32 – 10 South – Saros 126

Jan 26, 20096 Aqu 30 – 11 North – Saros 131
July 22, 200929 Can 26 – 11 South – Saros 136

Jan 15, 201025 Cap 01 – 12 North – Saros 141
July 11, 201019 Can 24 – 12 South – Saros 146

Jan 4, 201113 Cap 39 – 13 North – Saros 151
June 1, 201111 Gem 02 – 13 Old South – Saros 118
July 1, 20119 Can 13 – 13 New South – Saros 156
Nov 25, 20112 Sag 37 – 14 North – Saros 123

May 20, 20120 Gem 20 – 14 South – Saros 128
Nov 13, 201221 Sco 57 – 15 North – Saros 133

May 10, 201319 Tau 32 – 15 South – Saros 138
Nov 3, 201311 Sco 16 – 16 North – Saros 143

Apr 29, 20148 Tau 52 – 16 South – Saros 148
Oct 23, 20140 Sco 25 – 17 New North – Saros 153

Mar 20, 201529 Pis 27 – 17 South – Saros 120
Sept 13, 2015 20 Vir 10 – 18 North – Saros 125

Mar 9, 201618 Pis 56 – 18 South – Saros 130
Sept 1, 20169 Vir 21 – 19 North – Saros 135

Feb 26, 20178 Pis 12 – 19 South – Saros 140
Aug 21, 201728 Leo 53 – 1 North – Saros 145

Feb 15, 201827 Aqu 08 – 1 South – Saros 150
Jul 13, 2018 — 20 Can 41 – 2 Old North – Saros 117
Aug 11, 2018 — 18 Leo 42 – 2 New North – Saros 155

Jan 6, 201915 Cap 25 – 2 South – Saros 122
Jul 2, 201910 Can 38 – 3 North – Saros 127
Dec 26, 20194 Cap 07 – 3 South – Saros 132

Jun 21, 2020 — 0 Can 21 – 4 North – Saros 137 
Dec 14, 202023 Sag 08 – 4 South – Saros 142

Jun 10, 202119 Gem 46 – 5 North – Saros 147
Dec 4, 202112 Sag 21 – 5 South – Saros 152

Apr 30, 2022 — 10 Tau 28 – 6 North – Saros 119
Oct 25, 2022 — 2 Sco 00 – 6 South – Saros 124

Apr 20, 202329 Ari 50 – 7 North – Saros 129
Oct 14, 202321 Lib 07 – 7 South – Saros 134

Apr 8, 202419 Ari 23 – 8 North – Saros 139
Oct 2, 2024 — 10 Lib 03 – 8 South – Saros 144

Mar 29, 20258 Ari 59 – 9 New North – Saros 149
Sep 21, 202529 Vir 04 – 9 New South – Saros 154

Feb 17, 202628 Aqu 50 – 10 North – Saros 121  
Aug 12, 202620 Leo 02 -10 South – Saros 126

Feb 6, 202717 Aqu 37 – 11 North – Saros 131
Aug 2, 20279 Leo 55 – 11 South – Saros 136

Jan 26, 202806 Aqu 10 -12 North – Saros 141
Jul 22, 202829 CanN 50 – 12 South – Saros 146

Jan 14, 202924 Cap 49 – 13 North – Saros 151
Jun 12, 202921 Gem 29 – 13 Old South – Saros 118
Jul 11, 202919 Can 37 – 13 New South – Saros 156
Dec 5, 202913 Sag 45 – 14 North – Saros 123

Jun 1, 203010 Gem 49 – 14 South –  Saros 128
Nov 25, 20303 Sag 02 – 15 North – Saros 133

May 21, 20310 Gem 04 – 15 South – Saros 138
Nov 14, 203122 Sco 17 – 16 North – Saros 143

May 9, 203219 Tau 28 – 16 South – Saros 148
Nov 3, 203211 Sco 21– 17 New North – Saros 153

Mar 30, 203310 Air 20 – 17 South – Saros 120
Sep 23, 2033 0 Lib 50 – 18 North – Saros 125

Mar 20, 203429 Pis 52 – 18 South – Saros 130
Sep 12, 203419 Vir 58 – 19 North – Saros 135

Mar 9, 203519 Pis 12 – 19 South – Saros 140
Sep 2, 20359 Vir 27 – 1 North – Saros 145

Feb 27, 20368 Pis 10 – 1 South – Saros 150
Jul  23, 20361 Leo 08 – 2 Old North – Saros 117
Aug 21, 203629 Leo 14 –  2 New North – Saros 155  

Jan 16, 203726 Cap 35 – 2 South – Saros 122
Jul 13, 203721 Can 03 – 3 North – Saros 127

Jan 5, 203815 Cap 18 – 3 South – Saros 132
Jul 2, 203810 Can 47 – 4 North – Saros 137
Dec 26, 20384 Cap 19 – 4 South – Saros 142

Jun 21, 2039 — 0 Can 12 – 5 North – Saros 147 
Dec 15, 2039 — 23 Sag 32 – 5 South – Saros 152

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